The saying goes prevention is better than cure and the same holds true, even today and in every aspect of life. Even when you are dealing with overhead cranes, there are so many accidents that can be easily prevented, provided you are willing to pay a little attention to how you are handling them. In general, when you are around heavy machines, you need to be a little careful, but studies have shown that maximum accidents happen in relation to overhead cranes.
Here are some of the most common hazards that can lead to serious accidents, if ignored:
It is important to assume that all wires are live, which is why you need to be always careful, when you see a line running. There should always be a safe distance between the major power lines and the operator of the crane to ensure that there are no accidents. For an added level of protection, you could add tapes to demarcate the area where the lines are running, to ascertain that the operator sees the same.
These are accidents that happen more due to the lack of common sense, because no machine should be overloaded, and it is precisely because of that there is always a warning of the limit that the machine can be used to. With a crane, if you overload it, you are inviting a collapse or the chance of it toppling over. In order to avoid accidents, it is important to use load measuring systems.
When you are transporting things from one side to another, and they are being carried via a crane, there is always the chance of them falling off. There are several things that can cause the falling of materials and these could include slipping from the crane, mechanical failure, visual distraction or impediment and even the incompetency of the crane operator. This is why it is important that the crane operator always wear a hard hat and anyone working near the crane be always alert.
It is a known fact that cranes are designed to pull weights in a vertical manner, but many a times, the wire can move out of the groove and add extra pressure on the crane. There have been several reported cases wherein the rope has jumped the drum or even tangled completely around the shaft.
As a rule of thumb, all cranes have a primary and a secondary braking system, and while the majority of the work should be done with the primary brake, there is often a greater reliance on the secondary brake. The secondary braking system is mainly in place for when there is a power failure and there is a load in transition. However, if the primary brake is not in proper form, there is always the chance for trouble. It is also important to remember that even the secondary brake is not fool proof and it depends on the experience of the operator and the quality of the crane to ensure safety.